Commercial and multifamily mortgage delinquencies remained low in the fourth quarter of 2022, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) latest Commercial/Multifamily Delinquency Report.
“Commercial and multifamily mortgage delinquency rates remained low at the end of 2022,” said Jamie Woodwell, MBA’s Head of Commercial Real Estate Research. “There were slight upticks among loans in CMBS, life companies, and banks and decreases for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, but overall performance remained positive. It is likely that as higher interest rates and softer property values work through the system this year – prompted by maturing and adjustable-rate loans – loan performance will adjust.”
MBA’s quarterly analysis looks at commercial/multifamily delinquency rates for five of the largest investor-groups: commercial banks and thrifts, commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS), life insurance companies, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Together, these groups hold more than 80 percent of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt outstanding. MBA’s analysis incorporates the measures used by each individual investor group to track the performance of their loans. Because each investor group tracks delinquencies in its own way, delinquency rates are not comparable from one group to another. As an example, Fannie Mae reports loans receiving payment forbearance as delinquent, while Freddie Mac excludes those loans if the borrower is in compliance with the forbearance agreement.
Based on the unpaid principal balance (UPB) of loans, delinquency rates for each group at the end of the fourth quarter of 2022 were as follows:
- Banks and thrifts (90 or more days delinquent or in non-accrual): 0.45 percent, an increase of 0.01 percentage points from the third quarter of 2022;
- Life company portfolios (60 or more days delinquent): 0.11 percent, an increase of 0.02 percentage points from the third quarter of 2022;
- Fannie Mae (60 or more days delinquent): 0.24 percent, a decrease of 0.02 percentage points from the third quarter of 2022;
- Freddie Mac (60 or more days delinquent): 0.12 percent, a decrease of 0.01 percentage points from the third quarter of 2022; and
- CMBS (30 or more days delinquent or in REO): 2.90 percent, an increase of 0.13 percentage points from the third quarter of 2022.
Construction and development loans are generally not included in the numbers presented in this report but are included in many regulatory definitions of ‘commercial real estate’ despite the fact they are often backed by single-family residential development projects rather than by office buildings, apartment buildings, shopping centers, or other income-producing properties. The FDIC delinquency rates for bank and thrift held mortgages reported here do include loans backed by owner-occupied commercial properties. Differences between the delinquencies measures are detailed in Appendix A.
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